Valpuesta is a minor Spanish town and local entity belonging to the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castilla y León, and located within the Valdegovía valley, which runs through Burgos and Álava. It is located in the region of Las Merindades and currently depends on the Berberana town hall. It is 35 kilometers from Miranda de Ebro, 40 from Villarcayo, to whose judicial district it belongs, 45 from Vitoria (the nearest provincial capital) and 66 from Bilbao. Burgos is 100 kilometers away.
|Valpuesta Location of Valpuesta in Spain.|
|Valpuesta Location of Valpuesta in the province of Burgos.|
|• Com. autonomous||Castile and Leon|
|• Region||The Merindades|
|• Judicial party||Villarcayo|
|Location||42 ° 51′57 ″ N 3 ° 07′25 ″ W / 42.865833333333, -3.1236111111111|
|• Altitude||635 masl|
|Population||14 rooms (INE 2020)|
|[edit data on Wikidata]|
The town is inserted within the declared Natural Park of Montes Obarenes-San Zadornil. There are several important springs in its environment: Fuente de la Salud, Manantial de los Canónigos and Manantial de los Terreros.
- 1 History
- 2 Collegiate Church of Santa María
- 3 Other monuments
- 4 One of the cradles of the written Castilian language
- 5 Geographical environment
- 6 Demographics
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
It is a small geographical penetration into the Valdegovía valley of Alava, which enters Castilian land and which, like Valderejo, belonged until the 16th century, with rare exceptions, and therefore at the time in question., to the merindad of Castilla la Vieja and until well into the 18th century to the village of Villarcayo, in judicial matters.
It has the title of town, belonging to the district of Bureba (it was one of the fourteen parties that formed the intendancy of Burgos during the period between 1785 and 1833, as recorded in the Floridablanca census of 1787), dominion jurisdiction ecclesiastical exercised by the council of the cathedral of Burgos appointed by its ordinary mayor. At the fall of the Old Regime, it was added to the constitutional town hall of Valpuesta, in the Villarcayo district, belonging to the Castilla la Vieja region, to later (between the 1857 census and the previous one) join the Berberana municipality.
Thus in 1843 it belonged to the Villarcayo party and had 60 inhabitants and 17 households.
Collegiate Church of Santa María
In addition to the ancient manuscripts, Valpuesta has a rich artistic, architectural and natural heritage. Recently, the Valpostans themselves are making great efforts to make known and deepen this rich cultural heritage.
The Collegiate Church was built from a hermitage (from the year 804). The main altarpiece is of great artistic quality, highlighting a set of very expressive carvings with the twelve apostles, probably from the first half of the 16th century (Renaissance, with Flemish influence). They have been attributed to Felipe Bigarny or an artist from his school. Inside, the stained glass windows, a 14th-century Renaissance work, also deserve to be highlighted.
It was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest in the Monument category on March 26, 1992.
General view of the center of the town of Valpuesta around its Collegiate Church.
The town has other monuments and buildings of special interest, such as the Tower of the Constables, which dates from the 15th century.
Another of the most interesting buildings in the town is the palace house of the Zaldivar, one of whom was an inquisitor. Formerly it had attached, between it and the previous tower, the north door that gave access to the town, which was walled. This late Renaissance palace, dated according to an inscription on its own façade in the 16th century (exactly in the year 1590), already includes a phrase so typically Baroque on the same door that refers directly to the theme of carpe diem with the following text:
Live well, you have to die
During the second decade of the 21st century, a 14th century mansion was restored as a bar and restaurant, respecting its original structure and façade. This historic building is located opposite the collegiate church and is the only hotel and / or commercial establishment in the town.
Detail of the facade of the Zaldivar palace.
One of the cradles of the written Castilian language
There are two reasons for the town’s current relevance: the celebration of the MCC anniversary of the erection of its bishopric (804-1087) and the so-called Cartularios de Valpuesta, which have recently been classified as the containers for the first words written in the Spanish language.
The bishopric of Valpuesta is the second bishopric of the kingdom of Asturias after that of Oviedo, created by King Alfonso II of Asturias.
The two topics have already been duly studied by specialists such as Saturnino Ruiz de Loizaga, Emiliana Ramos Remedios, Francisco Cantera Burgos, Demetrio Mansilla, Ricardo Ciérvide, Hermógenes Perdiguero, Nicolás Dulanto, J. Manuel Ruiz Asencio, etc. The latter, an outstanding palaeographer, presented in 2006 the definitive palaeographic study carried out by him and his team on the Cartularios de Valpuesta.
In its surroundings there are numerous picturesque and well-preserved towns in the municipalities of San Zadornil (Burgos) and Valdegovía (Álava). The closest neighboring towns are the town of Alavés de Gurendes and the Burgos of San Millán de San Zadornil. It is also close to the Alava town of Mioma, which must be reached by crossing Valpuesta if accessed by car. Also in the nearby environment are the towns of Villanueva de Valdegovía and Villanañe, as well as Mount Peña Carria, the Valderejo natural park or the Angosto monastery, where the closest campsite to the town is located.
As of January 1, 2011, Valpuesta had a population of 7 inhabitants, 5 men and 2 women.
|Graph of demographic evolution of Valpuesta between 2000 and 2017|
Right population (2000-2011) according to the INE population censuses as of January 1 of each year.
- Assets of cultural interest in the province of Burgos
- Municipalities of the province of Burgos
- Burgos province
- Archived copy. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Accessed July 23, 2016.
- Culture Ministry. Historical heritage.
- Archived copy. Archived from the original on October 11, 2016. Accessed July 23, 2016.
- http://www.larioja.com/v/20101124/cultura/indica-cuna-castellano-valpuesta-20101124.htm (broken link available on Internet Archive; see history, first and latest versions). On the possibility, nowadays accepted, that the cradle of the Castilian language was Valpuesta.
- INEbase / Gazetteer. Relationship of population units.
- Wikimedia Commons hosts a multimedia category on Valpuesta.
- Valpuesta, cradle of Castilian
- About the collegiate church of Valpuesta
- Valpuesta, Vallis-posita
- Trail Network. Camino Valpuesta (broken link available on Internet Archive; see history, first and latest version).
- Data: Q6159371
- Multimedia: Valpuesta